1.3.01 La Fosa de las Carreras de obstáculos

– IAAF Regla 169 Obstáculos Carreras –
 

Para garantizar la conformidad regla en la construcción de del foso, se deben utilizar elementos de construcción prefabricados. Es un gran ahorro de tiempo, ya que la topografía caro, así como encofrado adicional no es necesario. Juegos de zanjas están disponibles en diferentes materiales como el de concreto, aluminio o plástico.

01.3.02.1 La Pista de Salto de Altura

– IAAF Rule 182 High Jump –

Runway and Take-off Area

3. The minimum width of the runway shall be 16m and the minimum length of the runway shall be 15m except in competitions held under Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c), (e) and (f), where the minimum length shall be 25m.

4. The maximum overall downward inclination in the last 15m of the runway and take-off area shall not exceed 1:250 (0.4%) along any radius of the semi-circular area centred midway between the uprights and having the minimum radius specified in Rule 182.3. The landing area should be placed so that the athlete’s approach is up the inclination.

5. The take-off area shall be level or any inclination shall be in accordance with the requirements of Rule 182.4 and the IAAF Track and Field Facilities Manual.

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.3.3.2 Runway for the High Jump (Figure 2.3.3.1) The semicircular runway, with a radius of at least 20m, will permit approaches from every direction. If it is necessary to remove the kerb temporarily in order to be able to use the oval track as a runway, care must be taken to ensure that the heights of the surfaces of the oval track and the segment are the same along the track border. The runway and take-off areas are usually covered with the same surface as the track.

NOTE: For shared use of the running track as runway for high jump, an open U-shaped channel between segment and running track is not allowed.

01.3.02 Salto con Pértiga

– IAAF Regel 183.7,8 Pole Vault –

Apparatus

8. The take-off for the Pole Vault shall be from a box. It shall be constructed of suitable material, with rounded upper or soft edges and shall be sunk level with the runway. It shall be 1.00m in length, measured along the inside of the bottom of the box, 0.60m in width at the front end and tapering to 0.15m in width at the bottom of the stop board. The length of the box at runway level and the depth of the stop board are determined by the angle of 105° formed between the base and the stop board. (Tolerances on dimensions and angles: ± 0.01m and − 0°/ + 1°)

The base of the box shall slope from runway level at the front end to a vertical distance below ground level of 0.20m at the point where it meets the stop board. The box should be constructed in such a manner that the sides slope outwards and end next to the stop board at an angle of approximately 120° to the base.





01.3.05.3 Landing Sector for Shot Put

– IAAF Rule 188 Shot Put –

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.4.4 Landing Sector for the Shot Put (Figure 2.4.4.1)

The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material with an even surface soft enough to ensure that the place of the initial fall of the implement can be clearly established by the judges. The landing surface may not allow the implement bounce backwards, thus creating a risk that the measuring point is obliterated.

The landing sector must be laid from the middle of the circle with an angle of 34.92 degrees and shall be marked by 0.05m wide white lines, the inside edges of which form the boundary of the sector.

The length of the sector is 25.00m. The angle of 34.92 degrees will be attained if the two sector lines, at a distance of 25.00m, are spaced 15m apart.

The maximum allowance for the overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction at any point, shall not exceed 0.1%.





01.3.06.1 Landing Sector for Discus Throw

– IAAF Rule 189; Rule 190 –

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.1.4 Landing Sector for the Discus Throw (Figure 2.4.1.1)

The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material with an even surface soft enough to ensure that the place of the initial fall of the implement can be clearly established by the judges. The landing surface may not allow the implement bounce backwards, thus creating a risk that the measuring point is obliterated.

The landing sector must be laid from the middle of the circle with an angle of 34.92 degrees and shall be marked by 0.05m wide white lines, the inside edges of which form the boundary of the sector.

The length of the sector shall be 80m. Its angle of 34.92 degrees will be attained if the two sector lines at a distance of 80m are spaced 48m apart.

The maximum allowance for the overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction at any point, shall not exceed 0.1%.





01.3.07.4 Landing Sector for Hammer Throw

– IAAF Rule 191  Hammer Throw –

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.2.4 Landing Sector for the Hammer Throw (Figure 2.4.2.1)

The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material with an even surface soft enough to ensure that the place of the initial fall of the implement can be clearly established by the judges. The landing surface may not allow the implement bounce backwards, thus creating a risk that the measuring point is obliterated.

The landing sector must be laid from the middle of the circle with an angle of 34.92 degrees and shall be marked by 0.05m wide white lines, the inside edges of which form the boundary of the sector.

The length of the landing sector shall be 90m. Its angle of 34.92 degrees will be attained if the two boundary lines at a distance of 90m are spaced 54m apart.

The maximum allowance for the overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction at any point, shall not exceed 0.1%.





01.3.08.1 Runway for Javelin Throw

– IAAF Rule 187.9 –

9. the minimum length of the runway shall be 30m except in competitions held under IAAF Rules 1.1

  • (a) (i) World Athletics Series,
  •       (ii) the Athletics Program of the Olympic Games
  • (b) the Athletics Program of Area, Regional or Group Games not confined to participants from a single Area where the IAAF does not have exclusive control,
  • (c) Regional or Group Championships in Athletics not confined to participants from a single Area.
  • (e) international invitation Meetings and competitions which are categorized by the IAAF as part of the global structure and approved by the Council.
  • and
  • (f) Area Championships and other intra-Area competitions organized by an Area Association.

, where the minimum shall be 33.50m.

Where conditions permit, the minimum length should be 36.50m.

It shall be marked by two parallel white lines 50mm wide and 4m apart. The throw shall be made from behind an arc of a circle drawn with a radius of 8m. The arc shall consist of at least a 70mm wide strip painted or made of wood or a suitable non-corrodible material like plastic. It shall be white and be flush with the ground. Lines shall be drawn from the extremities of the arc at right angles to the parallel lines marking the runway. These lines shall be white, at least 0.75m long and at least 70mm wide.

The maximum lateral inclination of the runway should be 1:100 (1%) unless special circumstances exist which justify the IAAF providing an exemption and, in the last 20m of the runway, the overall downward inclination in the direction of running shall not exceed 1:1000 (0.1%).





01.3.08.2 Vertical Structure of the Javelin Runway

In most sports stadiums the lawn in the middle of the stadium is used primarily for football matches. To avoid that the grass is damaged by impacts during the competition for hammer throw, discus throw or javelin throw, these events are often relocated to facilities outside the stadium.

As in competitions at a higher level warm up facilities should be available, often temporary facilities must be built. This facilities should be easily removed again after the event.

For the Runway for javelin competitions a wooden construction would e.g. conceivable. In this case it must be made sure that the construction has to be free from vibrations, especially in this part of the runway where the athlete throws off the javelin.

To avoid damage due to longer spikes of the athletes, it must also be ensured that in the throws off area, the synthetic covering is installed as a stress area. The synthetic thickness should be here at least 20mm full Polyurethane.





01.3.08.3 Landing Sector for Javelin Throw

– IAAF Rule 187.10-12 –

10. The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material on which the implement makes an imprint.

11. The maximum overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction, shall not exceed 1:1000 (0.1%).

12. (b) In the Javelin throw, the landing sector shall be marked with white lines 50mm wide such that the inner edge of the lines, if extended, would pass through the two intersections of the inner edges of the arc, and the parallel lines marking the runway and intersect at the centre of the circle of which the arc is part (see Figure 187e). The sector angle is thus 28.96°.

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.3.4 Landing Sector for the Javelin Throw

The length of the sector shall be 100m.