Detailplanung

Eine ausführliche Planung der wichtigsten Details ist eine Voraussetzung für erfolgreiches Bauen.

Im Folgenden finden Sie einige Beispiele aus der Praxis.





01.3.01 Der Wassergraben für den Hindernislauf

– IAAF Regel 169 Steeplechase Races –

Um eine Regel gerechte Ausführung beim Bau des Wassergrabens zu gewährleisten, sollten vorgefertigte Bauteile verwendet werden. Es ist eine enorme Zeitersparnis, da aufwendiges Vermessen, sowie zusätzliche Ein- und Ausschal-Arbeiten entfallen. Wassergraben Bausätze gibt es in verschiedenen Materialausfertigungen, wie z.B. Beton, Aluminium oder Kunststoff.

01.3.02.1 Der Hochsprung Anlauf

– IAAF Rule 182 High Jump –

Anlauf und Absprungbereich

3. Die Mindestbreite der Anlaufbahn ist 16 m und die minimale Länge der Anlaufbahn soll 15m sein, außer bei der Durchführung von Wettkämpfen unter Regeln 1.1 (a), (b), (c), (e) und (f), wobei die Mindestlänge 25m ist.

4. Die maximale Gesamtabwärtsneigung auf den letzten 15m des Anlaufs- und Absprungbereiches, darf 1:250 (0,4%) entlang eines beliebigen Radius des halbkreisförmigen Bereichs, ausgehend von der Mitte zwischen den Pfosten und mit dem minimalen Radius in Regel 182.3, nicht überschreiten. Das Landekissen sollte so platziert werden, dass der Absprung der Athleten auf dem Höhepunkt der Steigung ist.

5. Der Absprung muss eben sein, oder jede Neigung muss den Anforderungen der Regel 182.4 und des IAAF Track and Field Facilities Manual´s entsprechen.

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.3.3.2 Anlauf für Hochsprung (Figure 2.3.3.1) Der halbkreisförmige Anlauf mit einem Radius von mindestens 20m, wird Anläufe aus jeder Richtung ermöglichen. Wenn es notwendig wird, ist die erhöhte Innenbegrenzung der Rundlaufbahn vorübergehend zu entfernen, um die Laufbahn als Anlaufbahn mit benutzen zu können. Es muss darauf geachtet und sichergestellt werden, dass die Höhen der Oberflächen von Rundlaufbahn und Segment gleich hoch sind. Die Anlaufbahn und Absprungbereiche sind in der Regel mit der gleichen Oberfläche wie die Rundlaufbahn bedeckt.

HINWEIS: Bei Mitbenutzung der Rundlaufbahn als Anlauf für den Hochsprung ist eine offene U-Rinne zwischen Segment und Rundlaufbahn nicht gestattet.

01.3.02 Stabhochsprung Einstichkasten

– IAAF Regel 183.7,8 Pole Vault –

Apparatus

8. The take-off for the Pole Vault shall be from a box. It shall be constructed of suitable material, with rounded upper or soft edges and shall be sunk level with the runway. It shall be 1.00m in length, measured along the inside of the bottom of the box, 0.60m in width at the front end and tapering to 0.15m in width at the bottom of the stop board. The length of the box at runway level and the depth of the stop board are determined by the angle of 105° formed between the base and the stop board. (Tolerances on dimensions and angles: ± 0.01m and − 0°/ + 1°)

The base of the box shall slope from runway level at the front end to a vertical distance below ground level of 0.20m at the point where it meets the stop board. The box should be constructed in such a manner that the sides slope outwards and end next to the stop board at an angle of approximately 120° to the base.





01.3.05.3 Landing Sector for Shot Put

– IAAF Rule 188 Shot Put –

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.4.4 Landing Sector for the Shot Put (Figure 2.4.4.1)

The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material with an even surface soft enough to ensure that the place of the initial fall of the implement can be clearly established by the judges. The landing surface may not allow the implement bounce backwards, thus creating a risk that the measuring point is obliterated.

The landing sector must be laid from the middle of the circle with an angle of 34.92 degrees and shall be marked by 0.05m wide white lines, the inside edges of which form the boundary of the sector.

The length of the sector is 25.00m. The angle of 34.92 degrees will be attained if the two sector lines, at a distance of 25.00m, are spaced 15m apart.

The maximum allowance for the overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction at any point, shall not exceed 0.1%.





01.3.06.3 Wurfbereich für Diskus Wurf

– IAAF Rule 189; Rule 190 –

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.1.4 Landing Sector for the Discus Throw (Figure 2.4.1.1)

The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material with an even surface soft enough to ensure that the place of the initial fall of the implement can be clearly established by the judges. The landing surface may not allow the implement bounce backwards, thus creating a risk that the measuring point is obliterated.

The landing sector must be laid from the middle of the circle with an angle of 34.92 degrees and shall be marked by 0.05m wide white lines, the inside edges of which form the boundary of the sector.

The length of the sector shall be 80m. Its angle of 34.92 degrees will be attained if the two sector lines at a distance of 80m are spaced 48m apart.

The maximum allowance for the overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction at any point, shall not exceed 0.1%.





01.3.07.4 Landing Sector for Hammer Throw

– IAAF Rule 191  Hammer Throw –

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.2.4 Landing Sector for the Hammer Throw (Figure 2.4.2.1)

The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material with an even surface soft enough to ensure that the place of the initial fall of the implement can be clearly established by the judges. The landing surface may not allow the implement bounce backwards, thus creating a risk that the measuring point is obliterated.

The landing sector must be laid from the middle of the circle with an angle of 34.92 degrees and shall be marked by 0.05m wide white lines, the inside edges of which form the boundary of the sector.

The length of the landing sector shall be 90m. Its angle of 34.92 degrees will be attained if the two boundary lines at a distance of 90m are spaced 54m apart.

The maximum allowance for the overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction at any point, shall not exceed 0.1%.





01.3.08.1 Runway for Javelin Throw

– IAAF Rule 187.9 –

9. the minimum length of the runway shall be 30m except in competitions held under IAAF Rules 1.1

  • (a) (i) World Athletics Series,
  •       (ii) the Athletics Program of the Olympic Games
  • (b) the Athletics Program of Area, Regional or Group Games not confined to participants from a single Area where the IAAF does not have exclusive control,
  • (c) Regional or Group Championships in Athletics not confined to participants from a single Area.
  • (e) international invitation Meetings and competitions which are categorized by the IAAF as part of the global structure and approved by the Council.
  • and
  • (f) Area Championships and other intra-Area competitions organized by an Area Association.

, where the minimum shall be 33.50m.

Where conditions permit, the minimum length should be 36.50m.

It shall be marked by two parallel white lines 50mm wide and 4m apart. The throw shall be made from behind an arc of a circle drawn with a radius of 8m. The arc shall consist of at least a 70mm wide strip painted or made of wood or a suitable non-corrodible material like plastic. It shall be white and be flush with the ground. Lines shall be drawn from the extremities of the arc at right angles to the parallel lines marking the runway. These lines shall be white, at least 0.75m long and at least 70mm wide.

The maximum lateral inclination of the runway should be 1:100 (1%) unless special circumstances exist which justify the IAAF providing an exemption and, in the last 20m of the runway, the overall downward inclination in the direction of running shall not exceed 1:1000 (0.1%).





01.3.08.2 Vertical Structure of the Javelin Runway

In most sports stadiums the lawn in the middle of the stadium is used primarily for football matches. To avoid that the grass is damaged by impacts during the competition for hammer throw, discus throw or javelin throw, these events are often relocated to facilities outside the stadium.

As in competitions at a higher level warm up facilities should be available, often temporary facilities must be built. This facilities should be easily removed again after the event.

For the Runway for javelin competitions a wooden construction would e.g. conceivable. In this case it must be made sure that the construction has to be free from vibrations, especially in this part of the runway where the athlete throws off the javelin.

To avoid damage due to longer spikes of the athletes, it must also be ensured that in the throws off area, the synthetic covering is installed as a stress area. The synthetic thickness should be here at least 20mm full Polyurethane.





01.3.08.3 Landing Sector for Javelin Throw

– IAAF Rule 187.10-12 –

10. The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material on which the implement makes an imprint.

11. The maximum overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction, shall not exceed 1:1000 (0.1%).

12. (b) In the Javelin throw, the landing sector shall be marked with white lines 50mm wide such that the inner edge of the lines, if extended, would pass through the two intersections of the inner edges of the arc, and the parallel lines marking the runway and intersect at the centre of the circle of which the arc is part (see Figure 187e). The sector angle is thus 28.96°.

IAAF TRACK AND FIELD FACILITIES MANUAL 2008

2.4.3.4 Landing Sector for the Javelin Throw

The length of the sector shall be 100m.